Security sector reform
A functioning, responsible and accountable security sector is a vital component in good governance and improving human security. The security sector is often defined as including:
- armed forces and police, intelligence, border agencies, etc
- oversight bodies (eg ministry of police, defence) and justice system (eg courts, prisons)
- private military and security companies, mercenaries, etc
UN-endorsed standards for law enforcement officials include a Code of Conduct and Basic Principles. In 2006, the UN sub-commission on human rights endorsed principles to prevent human rights abuses by state-employed officials with guns. The OECD has also developed SSR guidelines for practitioners.