UN Small Arms Process
The United Nations is involved in many different ways in the effort to reduce the proliferation of small arms and their deadly effects. Its Programme of Action (PoA) was adopted by all UN Member States in 2001, and since that time the UN has worked to support the implementation of the PoA at national, regional and international levels. By-products of the PoA include the International Tracing Instrument and the recommendations of a Group of Governmental Experts on arms brokering.
The first binding international legal instrument on small arms, the UN Firearms Protocol, came into effect in July 2005. The Protocol supplements the UN Convention against Transnational Organised Crime.
22 UN agencies are members of the Coordinating Action in Small Arms (CASA).