Weapons collection and destruction

Firearms remain lethal for many years after manufacture. In Iraq, guns dating from 1918 are still being used. When weapons remain in struggling post-conflict societies, they can cause more damage than they did during the conflict. In El Salvador, more people were shot dead in 10 years of peace than during the previous 12 years of war. And the overall number of these weapons is increasing - an estimated 10 guns are manufactured for every gun destroyed.

In post-conflict situations, weapons collection is an important aspect of disarmament, demobilisation and reintegration (DDR) and related processes. The UN published International DDR Standards in 2006. Collection programs have also been successful in non-conflict situations, such as gun amnesties in Australia and Brazil.

Public gun destructions have been used to raise awareness, improve public confidence and symbolise an end to conflict. Examples have been 'flames of peace' in Cambodia and Mali, and gun sculptures in Macedonia and Mozambique.

Latest news

Children in 500 Yemeni schools have participated on peace and disarmament training courses held by IANSA member Dar Al Salaam (The House of Peace).

The Guatemalan government destroyed 6,800 firearms on 17 March in Guatemala City.

Gun collections and destructions, border control measures and firearms control policies were discussed by the members of the Sierra Leone National Commission on Small Arms during a two-day retreat in Makeni on 11-12 March.

Cuba has declared a two-month amnesty for the registration of unlicensed guns, in which applicants will have to pass aptitude tests in order to keep their weapons. The "exceptional and one-time only" process began on 12 February 2010.

Pastoralists in northern Kenya have called for protection, amid fears that a government-enforced disarmament programme will lead to violence. A 70-day amnesty to surrender illegal weapons has expired.

Latest resources

Instituto Sou da Paz, an IANSA member in Brazil, has launched a practical guide to children's disarmament.

This report by the UN Secretary-General was submitted to the UN Security Council to bring them up to date on issues that were presented to them in the 2008 SG report on Small Arms

The annual report of the United States Conventional Weapons Destruction program, ‘To Walk the Earth in Safety’, has been released.

Article from the US State Department with a list of examples of explosions at ammunition depots. Written in 2010.

Ammunition stockpiles require careful management to prevent explosions. The report of a Group of Governemntal Experts was endorsed by the UN General Assembly in 2008, and subsequently technical guidlines are being prepared.

This report by the UN Secretary General came as response to a statement from the UN Security Council in 2007, requesting that they receive a report on small arms every two years